All of us have been through hair related issues at some point in time be it dull and damaged hair, scalp infections or hair fall, etc. My friend has dry scalp and off late she has been complaining of dandruff. Dandruff is a medical condition which can cause dull and lifeless hair.
Let us first understand.
What is Dandruff?
The dead skin cells along the scalp that are clumped together are known as Dandruff. Under this condition individual’s dead skin cells are shed every day on regular basis. But since they are very small and almost unnoticeable, this shedding process almost goes undetected. The actual problem initiates when these dead skin cells begin accumulating fast and fall off in visible clumps that appear as flakes of skin; either in the scalp or on the clothes (on the shoulder). Now that we know what exactly dandruff is we need to know the main causes of dandruff.
What are causes of Dandruff?
Low levels of humidity lead to lack of moisture content in the skin which is the main reason for shedding of dry skin flakes. These are often small and non-greasy.
A condition known as Seborrheic dermatitis can also lead to dandruff. Under this condition, the skin produces an excess amount of sebum, which then holds together the dead skin cells that would normally fall off. After a while, these cells either fall in oily clumps, or cause red patches on the skin. This condition is not restricted to the scalp. It can also occur in areas that have a lot of oil glands, like the sides of noses, and eyebrows.
Certain Skin conditions and other diseases
Skin disorders like psoriasis and eczema can cause dandruff. Individuals suffering from Parkinson’s disease, or those suffered heart attacks or strokes and who have a weak immune system are also susceptible of dandruff.
Lack/excessive hair wash both can lead to dead cells accumulation and falling as dandruff.
Dust and harmful pollutants in the environment cause skin irritation and dandruff. Exposure to UV rays from sun and prolonged cold and dry weather may also lead to dandruff.
Lack of nutrients in the diet that are required for healthy skin may lead to dandruff in some cases. It is always important to follow a diet that includes Vitamin B and zinc.
In order to fight this condition effective treatment recommended by hair experts is usage of hair masks, these hair masks not only helps in treating dandruff but also provides moisture and nourishment to the hair leading to soft and silky hair.
Honey, Curd and Lemon Mask
Mix 2 tbsp of Honey and Curd each and add few drops of lemon to it. In case you have dry hair you can also add few drops of coconut oil to it. Lemon and curd will help eliminating dandruff while honey and oil will provide the nourishment. This mask can act as a perfect treatment for any kind of hair related issues. Apply this mask to your hair. Wash it off with lukewarm water after 45 minutes using a mild shampoo and conditioner.
Banana and Honey Mask
Blend 2 bananas, add 1 tsp of olive and fresh lime juice and few drops of honey to it. Mix all the ingredients to form a creamy paste. All the ingredients act as moisturizing agents. Apply this mask to your hair and wash it after 45 minutes. It will also help in controlling frizzy hair and dandruff will disappear gradually.
Oatmeal Hair Mask
Take 3 tbsp of oatmeal, add 1 tbsp of almond oil and milk each and form a smooth paste. This mask helps in eliminating excess oil from the scalp. This hair mask will be effective for people with oily and itchy scalp and dandruff. Apply this mask on your scalp and wash it off after 20 minutes with mild shampoo.
Fenugreek (Methi) Mask
Soak a handful of fenugreek seeds in water overnight. In the morning make a paste and apply it on the scalp. Wash it off after an hour using a mild shampoo. Repeat this 3-4 times a week. Anti-fungal properties in fenugreek eliminate itchiness and irritation in scalp and also reduce dandruff.
Curry Leaves Mask
Grind few curry leaves and add this mixture to warm coconut oil. Apply this mask to your scalp and wash it off after 20 minutes using mild shampoo. Repeat this process every alternate day. This mask will help in treating dandruff and eliminate hair loss.
Always cover your head with shower cap or polythene after applying these hair masks so that it does not attract dirt and also aid in deep treatment on hair.